Yang Lecture Series Begins with an Assessment of North Korean Ideology

Chong-Sik Lee presents the first in the Yang Lecture Series.The Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies is pleased to inau­gu­rate the Drs. Sung Chul Yang and Daisy Lee Yang Lec­ture Series with an address on North Korea’s ide­ol­o­gy by one of the nation’s most dis­tin­guished schol­ars of mod­ern Kore­an his­to­ry and pol­i­tics.

Dr. Chong-Sik Lee, Uni­ver­si­ty of Penn­syl­va­nia emer­i­tus pro­fes­sor of polit­i­cal sci­ence, will speak at the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies on Sep­tem­ber 6, 2018, at 4:00 p.m.

In his talk, Lee will take note of two land­mark state­ments by for­mer North Kore­an leader Kim Jong Il. In March 1982, Kim declared: “Marx and Engels have shown the work­ing class their his­tor­i­cal mis­sion, light­ed their way for lib­er­a­tion, and launched [the] inter­na­tion­al Com­mu­nist move­ment.”

Ten years lat­er in Feb­ru­ary 1992, how­ev­er, Kim denounced Marx­ism for hav­ing got­ten the basics wrong. The move­ment of his­to­ry is not based on eco­nom­ic devel­op­ment as Marx (through dialec­ti­cal mate­ri­al­ism) had posit­ed but on the will of the mass­es of peo­ple. He blamed the col­lapse of the Sovi­et Union and oth­er Com­mu­nist coun­tries on con­cen­trat­ing on eco­nom­ic con­struc­tion, neglect­ing the effort for the trans­for­ma­tion of peo­ple.

Kim Jong Il’s lat­ter pro­nounce­ment, Lee says, was of his­tor­i­cal impor­tance because he stripped his régime of Marx­ism, which had pro­vid­ed its ide­o­log­i­cal anchor. He could refer to juche, but it was no sub­sti­tute for Marx­ism, which had mes­mer­ized mil­lions of peo­ple in search of a way to a brighter future.

In his lec­ture, Lee will pose such ques­tions as: if Marx­ism is obso­lete, as Kim declared, what is North Korea’s ide­ol­o­gy today? What is juche? How can cur­rent leader Kim Jong Un jus­ti­fy the North Kore­an dic­ta­tor­ship?

A Long and Productive Career

Chong-Sik Lee was born in Korea in 1931 and reared in Korea and Chi­na, mov­ing to the Unit­ed States in 1954. He earned his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in polit­i­cal sci­ence at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Cal­i­for­nia, Los Angles, and received his Ph.D. at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Cal­i­for­nia, Berke­ley, in 1961. After brief stints teach­ing at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Col­orado and Dart­mouth Col­lege, Lee joined the fac­ul­ty of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Penn­syl­va­nia in 1963. He is also cur­rent­ly a dis­tin­guished pro­fes­sor at Kyunghee Uni­ver­si­ty.

In 1974, Lee’s mon­u­men­tal study Com­mu­nism in Korea, co-authored with Robert A. Scalapino, won the Woodrow Wil­son Foun­da­tion Award of the Amer­i­can Polit­i­cal Sci­ence Asso­ci­a­tion as the best book on gov­ern­ment, pol­i­tics, and inter­na­tion­al affairs pub­lished in the Unit­ed States in 1973.

His oth­er major works in Eng­lish are The Pol­i­tics of Kore­an Nation­al­ism (1963), Kore­an Work­ers’ Par­ty: A Short His­to­ry (1978), Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Strug­gle in Manchuria: Chi­nese Com­mu­nism and Sovi­et Inter­est, 1922–1945 (1983), Japan and Korea: The Polit­i­cal Dimen­sion (1985), Syn­g­man Rhee: The Prison Years of a Young Rad­i­cal (2000), and Park Chung Hee: From Pover­ty to Pow­er (2012).

In Kore­an, his pub­li­ca­tions include 김규식의 생애 [The Life of Kim Kyu-sik] (1974), 구한말의 개혁ㆍ독립투사 서재필 [Seo Jae-pil: The Fight­er for Reform and Inde­pen­dence] (2003), 이승만의 구한말 개혁운동: 급진주의에서 기독교 입국론으로 [The Reform Move­ment of Syn­g­man Rhee] (2005), 대한민국의 기원 [The Ori­gins of the Repub­lic of Korea] (2006), 여운형: 사상과 시대를 초월한 융화주의자 [Lyuh Woon Hyung: The Kore­an Har­monist] (2008), and 21세기에 다시보는 해방후사 [His­to­ry after the Lib­er­a­tion] (2012).

The Yang Lecture Series

Founders of Yang lecture series: Sung Chul Yang and Daisy Lee YangDr. Sung Chul Yang and his wife, Dr. Daisy Lee Yang, pledged a gift of $1 mil­lion to the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies in 2015 to endow a pro­gram to be known as the Drs. Sung Chul Yang and Daisy Lee Yang Lec­ture Series. The series was designed to make pos­si­ble the reg­u­lar appear­ance on the Mānoa cam­pus of emi­nent schol­ars of Kore­an and Asian affairs.

Sung Chul Yang explained at the time of the pledge, “We estab­lished this endow­ment to con­tribute to the build­ing of com­mon ground that our world needs in order to resolve con­flict and cre­ate a more peace­ful world.”

Yang earned his B.A. at Seoul Nation­al Uni­ver­si­ty, his M.A. at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i on an East-West Cen­ter grant, and his Ph.D. at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Ken­tucky before going on to a long and notable career. He served as a dis­tin­guished pro­fes­sor at Korea Uni­ver­si­ty; ambas­sador of the Repub­lic of Korea to the Unit­ed States; senior advis­er and chair­man of the Advi­so­ry Com­mit­tee of the Kim Dae-jung Peace Foun­da­tion; and a mem­ber of the 15th Repub­lic of Korea Nation­al Assem­bly.

Daisy Jung Jin Lee was born in North Korea. Her fam­i­ly moved to Hawai‘i and she was grad­u­at­ed from McKin­ley High School. She earned her B.A. from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i, M.S. and Ph.D. from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Ken­tucky, and MAT from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Louisville. Her career in acad­e­mia includ­ed pro­fes­sor­ships at Korea Uni­ver­si­ty, Han­kook Uni­ver­si­ty of For­eign Stud­ies, and Kyung­gi Open Uni­ver­si­ty in Seoul. She is the author of Lady Bora from Dia­mond Moun­tain, a Kore­an his­tor­i­cal fan­ta­sy nov­el.

This lec­ture, as are all pro­grams at the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies, is free and open to all. For fur­ther infor­ma­tion, includ­ing infor­ma­tion regard­ing access for the hand­i­capped, tele­phone the Cen­ter office at (808) 956‑7041.

A New Stage of North Korean Nuclear Weapons Challenges

North Korean nuclear weapons launchThe School of Pacif­ic and Asian Stud­ies and the Cen­ter for Korea will present a pan­el dis­cus­sion titled “A New Stage of North Kore­an Nuclear Weapons Chal­lenges: Pos­si­bil­i­ties for Changes from With­in?” Thurs­day, Novem­ber 16, 2017. The pro­gram will take place in the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies audi­to­ri­um from from 12 noon to 1:00 p.m.

The pan­el will fea­ture Prof. Tae-Ung Baik of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i at Mānoa William S. Richard­son School of Law and Prof. Har­ri­son Kim of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Depart­ment of His­to­ry. R. Ander­son Sut­ton, dean of the School of Pacif­ic and Asian Stud­ies, will mod­er­ate the dis­cus­sion.

The Demo­c­ra­t­ic People’s Repub­lic of Korea began its nuclear pro­gram in the 1960s, and weaponiza­tion start­ed in the 1990s. The nuclear weapons pro­gram accel­er­at­ed in the 2000s as the DPRK with­drew from the nuclear non-proliferation treaty in 2003. With its sixth nuclear test in Gilju on Sep­tem­ber 3, 2017, North Korea demon­strat­ed that it had devel­oped a hydro­gen bomb war­head. The DPRK has also devel­oped a nuclear-capable inter­con­ti­nen­tal bal­lis­tic mis­sile, which is believed to be evolv­ing into one that can car­ry nuclear war­heads to the Unit­ed States’ ter­ri­to­ries soon­er or lat­er.

The pan­elists will dis­cuss the cur­rent stage of North Kore­an nuclear weapons chal­lenges and pos­si­bil­i­ties for changes from with­in the seclud­ed coun­try. They will address such ques­tions as: What are our options to deal with the nuclear weapons chal­lenges from North Korea? Are there any safe mil­i­tary options that can be used avoid­ing all-out war? Can a peace talk and peace treaty divert the aggra­vat­ing course of secu­ri­ty chal­lenges? Is there any room for human­i­tar­i­an and human rights approach­es deal­ing with North Korea?

This event is free and open to the pub­lic. For fur­ther infor­ma­tion about the pro­gram, tele­phone the School of Pacif­ic and Asian Stud­ies at (808) 956‑8818. For infor­ma­tion about the facil­i­ties, includ­ing infor­ma­tion regard­ing access for the hand­i­capped, tele­phone the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies at (808) 956‑7041. The Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i is an equal opportunity/affirmative action insti­tu­tion.

Biography Brown Bag: The Secret Operations of the Yodogō Exiles

Destiny coverUniver­si­ty of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa soci­ol­o­gy pro­fes­sor Patri­cia G. Stein­hoff will dis­cuss the new­ly trans­lat­ed book Des­tiny: The Secret Oper­a­tions of the Yodogō Exiles in a brown-bag lunch-time ses­sion on Thurs­day, Octo­ber 19, 2017.

The pro­gram, spon­sored by the Cen­ter for Bio­graph­i­cal Research, will take place in Kuyk­endall 409A from 12 noon to 1:15 p.m.

In 1970, nine mem­bers of a Japan­ese New Left group called the Red Army Fac­tion hijacked a domes­tic air­lin­er to North Korea intend­ing to acquire the mil­i­tary train­ing to bring about a rev­o­lu­tion in Japan. The North Kore­an gov­ern­ment accept­ed the hijackers—who became known in the media as the Yodogō group—and two years lat­er they announced their con­ver­sion to the North Kore­an juche polit­i­cal ide­ol­o­gy.

Des­tiny: The Secret Oper­a­tions of the Yodogō Exiles by Kōji Takaza­wa tells the sto­ry of how Takaza­wa exposed the Yodogō group’s involve­ment in the kid­nap­ping and lur­ing of sev­er­al young Japan­ese to North Korea, as well as the truth behind their Japan­ese wives’ pres­ence in the coun­try. Takazawa’s research was val­i­dat­ed in 2002, when the North Kore­an gov­ern­ment pub­licly acknowl­edged it had kid­napped thir­teen Japan­ese cit­i­zens dur­ing the 1970s and 1980s, includ­ing three peo­ple whom Takaza­wa had con­nect­ed to the Yodogō hijack­ers.

In this talk, Stein­hoff will trace the sto­ry of the Yodogō exiles in North Korea, Takazawa’s involve­ment in their sto­ry and his work of inves­tiga­tive jour­nal­ism, and how Stein­hoff came to edit the Eng­lish trans­la­tion of his book.

For more infor­ma­tion, tele­phone (808) 956‑3774, send e-mail to biograph@hawaii.edu, or vis­it http://www.facebook.com/CBRHawaii.

Panel Discussion: Understanding The Threat Of North Korea

Panel discussion imageThe on-line news ser­vice Civ­il Beat, the East-West Cen­ter, the Pacif­ic Forum, and the Hawaii Lodg­ing and Tourism Asso­ci­a­tion are spon­sor­ing a pan­el dis­cus­sion aimed at deep­en­ing under­stand­ing of the North Kore­an threat. The pro­gram, titled “Safe­guard­ing Alo­ha: Under­stand­ing The Threat Of North Korea And What It Means For Hawaii,” will take place Thurs­day, Octo­ber 12, 2017, from 5 to 7 p.m., in the East-West Center’s Imin Con­fer­ence Cen­ter at 1777 East-West Road on the UH Mānoa cam­pus.

Five pan­elists will dis­cuss U.S. and inter­na­tion­al rela­tions with North Korea, the events lead­ing up to the cur­rent cri­sis, and ways to move for­ward. They will also touch upon North Korea’s impact on Hawaii’s econ­o­my and tourism indus­try and what the indus­try should do to pre­pare.

Pan­el par­tic­i­pants are:

  • Chad Blair, pol­i­tics and opin­ions edi­tor at Hon­olu­lu Civ­il Beat (Mod­er­a­tor);
  • Ralph Cos­sa, pres­i­dent of Pacif­ic Forum CSIS;
  • James Kel­ly, for­mer assis­tant sec­re­tary of state for East Asian and Pacif­ic Affairs;
  • Den­ny Roy, senior fel­low at the East-West Cen­ter; and
  • Kei­th Vieira, prin­ci­pal of KV & Asso­ciates Hos­pi­tal­i­ty Con­sult­ing, LLC and executive-in-residence at Shi­dler Col­lege of Busi­ness.

This event is free and open to the pub­lic, but the spon­sors request RSVPs to this address because of lim­it­ed space.

Ques­tions about the event should be direct­ed to Mariko Chang at mchang@civilbeat.org.

China’s Korean Policy Under Xi Jinping

Call­ing North Korea’s nuclear weapons pro­gram “an urgent nation­al secu­ri­ty threat and top for­eign pol­i­cy pri­or­i­ty,” Amer­i­can offi­cials are empha­siz­ing the crit­i­cal role of Chi­na in pres­sur­ing Pyongyang to denu­clearize. Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump, who long crit­i­cized Chi­na for “hav­ing done lit­tle to help,” now prais­es Chi­nese leader Xi Jin­ping. But has China’s North Korea pol­i­cy actu­al­ly changed that dra­mat­i­cal­ly?

Wang Jianwei photoThat’s the fun­da­men­tal ques­tion Pro­fes­sor Jian­wei Wang of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Macao will take up in a brown bag sem­i­nar pre­sen­ta­tion spon­sored by the East-West Cen­ter Research Pro­gram Thurs­day, May 18, 2017. The sem­i­nar will take place from 12:00 p.m. to 1:00 p.m. in Burns Hall room 3012.

Wang, who is cur­rent­ly a POSCO vis­it­ing fel­low at the East-West Cen­ter, will exam­ine the extent to which Xi Jinping’s Kore­an pol­i­cy dif­fers from the poli­cies of his pre­de­ces­sors. In par­tic­u­lar, he will look at Xi’s approach to bal­ance rela­tions with North Korea and South Korea, how his Kore­an pol­i­cy influ­ences Sino-American rela­tions, and the prospects of more con­se­quen­tial coöper­a­tion between the Unit­ed States and Chi­na on North Korea?

Jian­wei Wang is a pro­fes­sor in the Depart­ment of Gov­ern­ment and Pub­lic Admin­is­tra­tion and direc­tor of the Insti­tute of Glob­al and Pub­lic Affairs at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Macao. He received his Ph.D. from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Michi­gan. His teach­ing and research focus on Sino-American rela­tions, Chi­nese for­eign pol­i­cy, and East Asian inter­na­tion­al rela­tions. He has pub­lished exten­sive­ly in these areas.

For fur­ther infor­ma­tion, con­tact Cyn­thia Nakachi (nakachic@eastwestcenter.org) in the East-West Cen­ter Pro­gram Office.