Yang Lecture Series Begins with an Assessment of North Korean Ideology

Chong-Sik Lee presents the first in the Yang Lecture Series.The Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies is pleased to inau­gu­rate the Drs. Sung Chul Yang and Daisy Lee Yang Lec­ture Series with an address on North Korea’s ide­ol­o­gy by one of the nation’s most dis­tin­guished schol­ars of mod­ern Kore­an his­to­ry and pol­i­tics.

Dr. Chong‐Sik Lee, Uni­ver­si­ty of Penn­syl­va­nia emer­i­tus pro­fes­sor of polit­i­cal sci­ence, will speak at the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies on Sep­tem­ber 6, 2018, at 4:00 p.m.

In his talk, Lee will take note of two land­mark state­ments by for­mer North Kore­an leader Kim Jong Il. In March 1982, Kim declared: “Marx and Engels have shown the work­ing class their his­tor­i­cal mis­sion, light­ed their way for lib­er­a­tion, and launched [the] inter­na­tion­al Com­mu­nist move­ment.”

Ten years lat­er in Feb­ru­ary 1992, how­ev­er, Kim denounced Marx­ism for hav­ing got­ten the basics wrong. The move­ment of his­to­ry is not based on eco­nom­ic devel­op­ment as Marx (through dialec­ti­cal mate­ri­al­ism) had posit­ed but on the will of the mass­es of peo­ple. He blamed the col­lapse of the Sovi­et Union and oth­er Com­mu­nist coun­tries on con­cen­trat­ing on eco­nom­ic con­struc­tion, neglect­ing the effort for the trans­for­ma­tion of peo­ple.

Kim Jong Il’s lat­ter pro­nounce­ment, Lee says, was of his­tor­i­cal impor­tance because he stripped his régime of Marx­ism, which had pro­vid­ed its ide­o­log­i­cal anchor. He could refer to juche, but it was no sub­sti­tute for Marx­ism, which had mes­mer­ized mil­lions of peo­ple in search of a way to a brighter future.

In his lec­ture, Lee will pose such ques­tions as: if Marx­ism is obso­lete, as Kim declared, what is North Korea’s ide­ol­o­gy today? What is juche? How can cur­rent leader Kim Jong Un jus­ti­fy the North Kore­an dic­ta­tor­ship?

A Long and Productive Career

Chong‐Sik Lee was born in Korea in 1931 and reared in Korea and Chi­na, mov­ing to the Unit­ed States in 1954. He earned his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in polit­i­cal sci­ence at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Cal­i­for­nia, Los Angles, and received his Ph.D. at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Cal­i­for­nia, Berke­ley, in 1961. After brief stints teach­ing at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Col­orado and Dart­mouth Col­lege, Lee joined the fac­ul­ty of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Penn­syl­va­nia in 1963. He is also cur­rent­ly a dis­tin­guished pro­fes­sor at Kyunghee Uni­ver­si­ty.

In 1974, Lee’s mon­u­men­tal study Com­mu­nism in Korea, co‐authored with Robert A. Scalapino, won the Woodrow Wil­son Foun­da­tion Award of the Amer­i­can Polit­i­cal Sci­ence Asso­ci­a­tion as the best book on gov­ern­ment, pol­i­tics, and inter­na­tion­al affairs pub­lished in the Unit­ed States in 1973.

His oth­er major works in Eng­lish are The Pol­i­tics of Kore­an Nation­al­ism (1963), Kore­an Work­ers’ Par­ty: A Short His­to­ry (1978), Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Strug­gle in Manchuria: Chi­nese Com­mu­nism and Sovi­et Inter­est, 1922–1945 (1983), Japan and Korea: The Polit­i­cal Dimen­sion (1985), Syn­g­man Rhee: The Prison Years of a Young Rad­i­cal (2000), and Park Chung Hee: From Pover­ty to Pow­er (2012).

In Kore­an, his pub­li­ca­tions include 김규식의 생애 [The Life of Kim Kyu‐sik] (1974), 구한말의 개혁ㆍ독립투사 서재필 [Seo Jae‐pil: The Fight­er for Reform and Inde­pen­dence] (2003), 이승만의 구한말 개혁운동: 급진주의에서 기독교 입국론으로 [The Reform Move­ment of Syn­g­man Rhee] (2005), 대한민국의 기원 [The Ori­gins of the Repub­lic of Korea] (2006), 여운형: 사상과 시대를 초월한 융화주의자 [Lyuh Woon Hyung: The Kore­an Har­monist] (2008), and 21세기에 다시보는 해방후사 [His­to­ry after the Lib­er­a­tion] (2012).

The Yang Lecture Series

Founders of Yang lecture series: Sung Chul Yang and Daisy Lee YangDr. Sung Chul Yang and his wife, Dr. Daisy Lee Yang, pledged a gift of $1 mil­lion to the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies in 2015 to endow a pro­gram to be known as the Drs. Sung Chul Yang and Daisy Lee Yang Lec­ture Series. The series was designed to make pos­si­ble the reg­u­lar appear­ance on the Mānoa cam­pus of emi­nent schol­ars of Kore­an and Asian affairs.

Sung Chul Yang explained at the time of the pledge, “We estab­lished this endow­ment to con­tribute to the build­ing of com­mon ground that our world needs in order to resolve con­flict and cre­ate a more peace­ful world.”

Yang earned his B.A. at Seoul Nation­al Uni­ver­si­ty, his M.A. at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i on an East‐West Cen­ter grant, and his Ph.D. at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Ken­tucky before going on to a long and notable career. He served as a dis­tin­guished pro­fes­sor at Korea Uni­ver­si­ty; ambas­sador of the Repub­lic of Korea to the Unit­ed States; senior advis­er and chair­man of the Advi­so­ry Com­mit­tee of the Kim Dae‐jung Peace Foun­da­tion; and a mem­ber of the 15th Repub­lic of Korea Nation­al Assem­bly.

Daisy Jung Jin Lee was born in North Korea. Her fam­i­ly moved to Hawai‘i and she was grad­u­at­ed from McKin­ley High School. She earned her B.A. from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i, M.S. and Ph.D. from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Ken­tucky, and MAT from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Louisville. Her career in acad­e­mia includ­ed pro­fes­sor­ships at Korea Uni­ver­si­ty, Han­kook Uni­ver­si­ty of For­eign Stud­ies, and Kyung­gi Open Uni­ver­si­ty in Seoul. She is the author of Lady Bora from Dia­mond Moun­tain, a Kore­an his­tor­i­cal fan­ta­sy nov­el.

This lec­ture, as are all pro­grams at the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies, is free and open to all. For fur­ther infor­ma­tion, includ­ing infor­ma­tion regard­ing access for the hand­i­capped, tele­phone the Cen­ter office at (808) 956‑7041.

Tae‐Ung Baik Is New Center for Korean Studies Director

Tae-Ung Baik is new director of the Center for Korean StudiesThe Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies is start­ing the 2018–2019 aca­d­e­m­ic year with new lead­er­ship.

Legal schol­ar Tae‐Ung Baik became direc­tor of the Cen­ter on August 1, suc­ceed­ing econ­o­mist Sang‐Hyop Lee. Pro­fes­sor Lee, who had been direc­tor since 2013, will return to full‐time teach­ing and research in the Depart­ment of Eco­nom­ics after a semester’s sab­bat­i­cal leave.

Pro­fes­sor Baik, a mem­ber of the fac­ul­ty of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i William S. Richard­son School of Law, is a grad­u­ate of Seoul Nation­al Uni­ver­si­ty Col­lege of Law and earned his advanced degrees (LL.M. and JSD) at Notre Dame Law School, spe­cial­iz­ing in inter­na­tion­al human rights law.

A mem­ber of the Bar in the state of New York, Pro­fes­sor Baik worked for Human Rights Watch in New York as a research intern and lat­er as a research con­sul­tant focus­ing on human rights prob­lems in North and South Korea. He con­duct­ed research on human rights issues as a vis­it­ing schol­ar at the East Asian Legal Stud­ies Pro­gram at Har­vard Law School in 2002–2003. In 2003, he served as a legal advis­er to the South Kore­an del­e­ga­tion to the 56th Unit­ed Nations Sub‐Commission on the Pro­mo­tion and Pro­tec­tion of Human Rights.

Since 2015, Pro­fes­sor Baik has been a mem­ber of the Unit­ed Nations Work­ing Group on Enforced or Invol­un­tary Dis­ap­pear­ances, hav­ing been appoint­ed by the UN Human Rights Coun­cil as an inde­pen­dent expert rep­re­sent­ing the Asia‐Pacific states.

Pro­fes­sor Baik came to the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i at Mānoa in 2011 after hav­ing taught on the fac­ul­ty of law at the Uni­ver­si­ty of British Colum­bia from 2003 to 2010. At the UH Law School he teach­es inter­na­tion­al human rights, inter­na­tion­al crim­i­nal law, com­par­a­tive law and Kore­an law. He also serves as direc­tor of the Law School’s sci­en­ti­ae juridi­cae doc­tor (SJD) pro­gram.

Pri­or to his aca­d­e­m­ic career, Pro­fes­sor Baik was engaged in the democ­ra­cy move­ment against the mil­i­tary dic­ta­tor­ship in South Korea in the 1980s and 1990s. He is still wide­ly involved in human rights advo­ca­cy projects. His book, Emerg­ing Region­al Human Rights Sys­tems in Asia, was pub­lished by Cam­bridge Uni­ver­si­ty Press in 2012. Chang­bi Pub­lish­ers Inc. issued a trans­lat­ed and updat­ed ver­sion of this book, titled Seek­ing the Human Rights Com­mu­ni­ty in Asia, in 2017.

For fur­ther infor­ma­tion about Pro­fes­sor Tae‐Ung Baik’s numer­ous oth­er pub­li­ca­tions, pre­sen­ta­tions, and pro­fes­sion­al activ­i­ties, see https://www.law.hawaii.edu/personnel/baik/tae-ung.

Center for Korean Studies Welcomes Andrews Chair Holder

2018 Arthur Lynn Andrews Chair holder Yoonkyung LeeThe Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies will host this year’s Arthur Lynn Andrews Vis­it­ing Pro­fes­sor of Asian and Pacif­ic Stud­ies. The hold­er of the Andrews chair for 2018 is Pro­fes­sor Yoonkyung Lee of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Toron­to. She will take up res­i­dence at the Cen­ter in August and remain through the fall semes­ter.

Yoonkyung Lee is a polit­i­cal soci­ol­o­gist spe­cial­iz­ing in labor pol­i­tics, social move­ments, polit­i­cal rep­re­sen­ta­tion, and the polit­i­cal econ­o­my of neolib­er­al­ism with a region­al focus on East Asia. She earned her Ph.D. in polit­i­cal sci­ence from Duke Uni­ver­si­ty and was asso­ciate pro­fes­sor in soci­ol­o­gy and Asian and Asian‐American stud­ies at SUNY‐Binghamton (2006–2016) before join­ing the Depart­ment of Soci­ol­o­gy at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Toron­to, where she holds the Korea Foun­da­tion Endowed Chair of Kore­an Stud­ies (2016–2021).

Lee is the author of Mil­i­tants or Par­ti­sans: Labor Unions and Demo­c­ra­t­ic Pol­i­tics in Korea and Tai­wan (Stan­ford Uni­ver­si­ty Press, 2011) and numer­ous arti­cles in the jour­nals Glob­al­iza­tions, Stud­ies in Com­par­a­tive Inter­na­tion­al Devel­op­ment, Asian Sur­vey, Jour­nal of Con­tem­po­rary Asia, Crit­i­cal Asian Stud­ies, Glob­al Asia, and Korea Observ­er.

Recent cours­es she has offered include The­o­ries of Social Move­ments (grad­u­ate), Research Practicum (grad­u­ate), Com­par­a­tive Polit­i­cal Soci­ol­o­gy (under­grad­u­ate), Social Move­ments (under­grad­u­ate), and Transna­tion­al Asia (under­grad­u­ate).

Lee will be pre­sent­ing a major pub­lic lec­ture dur­ing the fall semes­ter.

The Andrews Chair

The Andrews Chair was estab­lished to pro­mote Asian and Pacif­ic stud­ies at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai’i by bring­ing out­stand­ing vis­it­ing pro­fes­sors to the cam­pus each year. Since 1984, the School of Pacif­ic and Asian Stud­ies has been respon­si­ble for select­ing and plac­ing the Andrews pro­fes­sor. The posi­tion rotates among the pro­grams and cen­ters with­in the School. Each vis­it­ing Andrews pro­fes­sor is expect­ed to con­tribute to schol­ar­ship and instruc­tion in areas not specif­i­cal­ly cov­ered in reg­u­lar research and cur­ricu­lum activ­i­ties.

The Andrews Vis­it­ing Pro­fes­sor­ship hon­ors Arthur Lynn Andrews (1871–1945), who joined the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai’i fac­ul­ty as a pro­fes­sor of Eng­lish in 1910. He became first dean of the Col­lege of Arts and Sci­ences in 1920 was dean of fac­ul­ties from 1930 to 1936, when he retired. He also served as a mem­ber of the UH Board of Regents from 1941 to 1943. Andrews Out­door The­atre on the Manoa cam­pus also bears his name.

Annual N.H. Paul Chung Memorial Lecture

Tae-Ung Baik to deliver Paul Chung Memorial LectureCen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies fac­ul­ty mem­ber Tae‐Ung Baik will deliv­er the 41st annu­al Dr. N.H. Paul Chung Memo­r­i­al Lec­ture at a lun­cheon pre­sent­ed by the Pacif­ic Asian Man­age­ment Insti­tute of the Shi­dler Col­lege of Busi­ness Admin­is­tra­tion on Thurs­day, August 2, 2018. The event will take place at the Prince Waiki­ki Hotel Maki­ki Ball­room with lunch begin­ning at 11:15 a.m. and the lec­ture at 11:45 a.m.

Baik, pro­fes­sor of law in the William S. Richard­son School of Law at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i, will present a lec­ture titled “Inter­na­tion­al Human Rights Law and Enforced Dis­ap­pear­ances: Focus on Asia, Korea and the UN Human Rights Coun­cil Work­ing Group.”

Born in South Korea, Tae‐Ung Baik was grad­u­at­ed from Seoul Nation­al Uni­ver­si­ty Col­lege of Law and earned his master’s (LL.M.) and doc­tor­al (JSD) degrees on inter­na­tion­al human rights law at Notre Dame Law School. He was admit­ted to the Bar as an attorney‐at‐law in the state of New York and worked for Human Rights Watch in New York as a research intern and lat­er as a research con­sul­tant with a focus on human rights prob­lems in North and South Korea.

Con­tin­ue read­ing

Toronto Symposium Focuses on Works of Hagen Koo

photo of Hagen KooThe writ­ings of Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies fac­ul­ty mem­ber Hagen Koo form the core of a one‐day sym­po­sium being held at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Toron­to this month.

The sym­po­sium–Rethink­ing Class and Labour through the Works of Hagen Koo–is spon­sored by the Uni­ver­si­ty of Toron­to Cen­tre for the Study of Korea. It takes place Fri­day, July 16, 2018, begin­ning at 9:30 a.m. at the Asian Insti­tute at the Munk School of Glob­al Affairs.

Hagen Koo is emer­i­tus pro­fes­sor of soci­ol­o­gy at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. Born in Korea, he received his B.A. in Korea and worked as a jour­nal­ist before com­ing to the Unit­ed States. He began his grad­u­ate stud­ies at the Uni­ver­si­ty of British Colum­bia and com­plet­ed his Ph.D. degree at North­west­ern Uni­ver­si­ty.

cover of Korean Workers by Hagen KooPro­fes­sor Koo has pub­lished exten­sive­ly on the polit­i­cal econ­o­my of devel­op­ment in East Asia and social trans­for­ma­tion in South Korea dur­ing its peri­od of rapid indus­tri­al­iza­tion. His major works include State and Soci­ety in Con­tem­po­rary Korea (1993) and Kore­an Work­ers: The Cul­ture and Pol­i­tics of Class For­ma­tion (2001). The lat­ter received a book award from the Amer­i­can Soci­o­log­i­cal Asso­ci­a­tion and has been trans­lat­ed into sev­er­al lan­guages.

Koo con­tin­ues to work on the issues of inequal­i­ty and chang­ing class rela­tions and is com­plet­ing a book on the demise of the mid­dle class in South Korea in the neolib­er­al era. He is cur­rent­ly a vis­it­ing schol­ar at Free Uni­ver­si­ty of Berlin.

The sym­po­sium will begin with Koo’s keynote address, “Rethink­ing Work­ing Class For­ma­tion in South Korea.” He will dis­cuss the dis­tinc­tive aspects of what has been one of the world’s most inter­est­ing and dynam­ic working‐class move­ments dur­ing the past half cen­tu­ry and will exam­ine their broad the­o­ret­i­cal impli­ca­tions from a ret­ro­spec­tive per­spec­tive.

The Program

Oth­er sym­po­sium speak­ers and their top­ics include Jen­nifer Chun of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Toron­to (“Reli­gion, Rit­u­al and Spaces of Work­er Protest in South Korea); Hyun­jin Veda Kim of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Massachusetts‐Amherst (“Hagen Koo’s Kore­an Work­ers and Marx­ism in the Third World”); Namhee Lee of UCLA (“The Demo­c­ra­t­ic Tran­si­tion, Working‐Class Iden­ti­ties, and the Cur­rent State of Research”); Hwa‐Jen Liu of Nation­al Tai­wan Uni­ver­si­ty (“Com­par­isons as Con­ver­sa­tions”); and Gay Sei­d­man of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Wisconsin‐Madison “Hon­our­ing Hagen Koo: Look­ing Back, Look­ing For­ward”).

The pro­gram will be chaired by Yoonkyung Lee of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Toron­to.

For more infor­ma­tion about the sym­po­sium pro­gram and speak­ers, see https://ckshi.org/2NlKRan.