Korean Studies Journal Special Issue on the History of Koryŏ

Korean Studies volume 41 coverThe Koryŏ peri­od is one of the least-stud­ied eras of Korea’s his­to­ry despite the many insights it offers into Korea’s his­tor­i­cal tra­di­tions. Cur­rent schol­ar­ship on many aspects of Koryŏ’s his­to­ry sup­plies the bulk of the con­tent of the lat­est issue of Kore­an Stud­ies, the jour­nal of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i Cen­ter for Kore­an Studies.

Along with an intro­duc­tion by guest edi­tor Edward J. Shultz, the recent­ly pub­lished vol­ume 41 of Kore­an Stud­ies presents nine arti­cles on var­i­ous top­ics that illus­trate both inter­na­tion­al and domes­tic devel­op­ments dur­ing dur­ing the life of the Koryŏ state and soci­ety (918‑1392). The vol­ume includes:

  • Ear­ly Koryŏ Polit­i­cal Insti­tu­tions and the Inter­na­tion­al Expan­sion of Tang and Song Insti­tu­tions” by Jae Woo Park;
  • Inter­state Rela­tions in East Asia and Med­ical Exchanges in the Late Eleventh Cen­tu­ry and Ear­ly Twelfth Cen­tu­ry” by Oongseok Chai;
  • Koryŏ’s Trade with the Out­er World” by Kang Hahn Lee;
  • Rethink­ing the Late Koryŏ in an Inter­na­tion­al Con­text” by David M. Robinson;
  • The Man­age­ment of Koryŏ: Local Admin­is­tra­tion (Kun­hyŏn) and Its Oper­a­tion” by Yoke­un Jeong;
  • Kings and Bud­dhism in Medieval Korea” by Jongmyung Kim;
  • Analy­sis of Recent­ly Dis­cov­ered Late-Koryŏ Civ­il Ser­vice Exam­i­na­tion Answer Sheets” by Hyeon-chul Do;
  • The Make­up of Koryŏ Aris­to­crat­ic Fam­i­lies: Bilat­er­al Kin­dred” by Myoung-ho Ro; and
  • The Char­ac­ter­is­tics and Ori­gins of Koryŏ’s Plu­ral­ist Soci­ety” by Jong-ki Park.

The issue also con­tains two arti­cles on oth­er top­ics and three book reviews. The arti­cles are: “Infor­mal Empire: The Ori­gins of the U.S. – ROK Alliance and the 1953 Mutu­al Defense Treaty Nego­ti­a­tions” by Vic­tor D. Cha and “Kore­an Han and the Post­colo­nial After­lives of ‘The Beau­ty of Sor­row’” by San­dra So Hee Chi Kim.

Books reviewed in this issue are In the Ser­vice of His Kore­an Majesty: William Nel­son Lovatt, the Pusan Cus­toms, and Sino-Kore­an Rela­tions, 1876 1888 by Wayne Pat­ter­son (reviewed by Daniel C. Kane); Tourist Dis­trac­tions: Trav­el­ing and Feel­ing in Transna­tion­al Hal­lyu Cin­e­ma by Young­min Choe (reviewed by Dal Yong Jin); and South Korea’s New Nation­al­ism: The End of “One Korea”? by Emma Camp­bell (reviewed by Jae­hoon Bae).

Kore­an Stud­ies is co-pub­lished annu­al­ly by the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies and the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i Press. The full text of the jour­nal is avail­able on line at Project Muse through sub­scrib­ing insti­tu­tions, such as the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i Hamil­ton Library.

Details about sub­scrib­ing to the print edi­tion of Kore­an Stud­ies, are avail­able on the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i Press Web site.

For infor­ma­tion about sub­mit­ting arti­cles for pub­li­ca­tion in Kore­an Stud­ies, see http://www.hawaii.edu/korea/pages/Publications/guidelines.pdf.

Expired: Yun Ch’i-ho, Market Logic, and Liberalism in Colonial Korea

Henry EmHow might we go about writ­ing a crit­i­cal his­to­ry of lib­er­al­ism in Korea, and how might that his­to­ry be rel­e­vant to the (glob­al) present? Those ques­tions will be the start­ing point of a lec­ture by Hen­ry Em of Yon­sei Uni­ver­si­ty titled “Until You Can Bite: Yun Ch’i-ho, Mar­ket Log­ic, and Lib­er­al­ism in Colo­nial Korea.” The talk will take place Thurs­day, March 2, 2017, in the UH Manoa Depart­ment of His­to­ry sem­i­nar room, Saka­ma­ki Hall A201, begin­ning at 1:30 p.m.

Focus­ing on Yun Ch’i-ho, a Chris­t­ian reformist and gov­ern­ment offi­cial pri­or to Korea’s annex­a­tion by Japan in 1910, Pro­fes­sor Em will argue that colo­nial-era lib­er­als like Yun Ch’i-ho were com­plic­it in cre­at­ing a class alliance between the (colo­nial) state and prop­er­tied class­es while also cre­at­ing a soci­ety of com­pet­i­tive indi­vid­u­als. Bas­ing his analy­ses on Yun Ch’i-ho’s Diary, he will exam­ine sev­er­al emer­gent aspects of lib­er­al­ism in colo­nial Korea: eco­nom­ic think­ing (mar­ket log­ic) and its dis­sem­i­na­tion into spheres of life and work; modes of feel­ing that endeav­ored to make cer­tain ideas, val­ues, and behav­ior nor­ma­tive; and reflex­iv­i­ty, via lin­guis­tic inno­va­tion, that objec­ti­fied self and oth­ers for inces­sant eval­u­a­tion and competition.

Hen­ry Em is asso­ciate pro­fes­sor of Kore­an his­to­ry at Under­wood Inter­na­tion­al Col­lege, Yon­sei Uni­ver­si­ty. He received his B.A. and Ph.D. (his­to­ry, 1995) from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Chica­go. From 1995 through 2012, he was assis­tant pro­fes­sor at UCLA and the Uni­ver­si­ty of Michi­gan and asso­ciate pro­fes­sor at New York Uni­ver­si­ty. He was a Ful­bright senior schol­ar to Korea (1998 – 1999) and vis­it­ing pro­fes­sor at Cen­tre de Recherch­es sur la Corée, École des Hautes Études en Sci­ences Sociales in Paris (2000). His recent pub­li­ca­tions include “His­to­ri­ans and His­to­ry Writ­ing in Mod­ern Korea,” Oxford His­to­ry of His­tor­i­cal Writ­ing, vol­ume 5 (Oxford Uni­ver­si­ty Press, 2011), The Great Enter­prise: Sov­er­eign­ty and His­to­ri­og­ra­phy in Mod­ern Korea (Duke Uni­ver­si­ty Press, 2013), and The Unend­ing Kore­an War, a spe­cial issue of Posi­tions: Asia Cri­tique, co-edit­ed with Chris­tine Hong, Win­ter, 2015.

A recep­tion for stu­dents and fac­ul­ty will fol­low the talk. For more infor­ma­tion, con­tact the Depart­ment of His­to­ry at (808) 956‑8486.

North Korea’s Vinalon City

C. Harrison KimThe his­to­ry of the syn­thet­ic fiber vinalon will be the sub­ject of a lec­ture by Prof. C. Har­ri­son Kim of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Mis­souri on Wednes­day, Feb­ru­ary 22, 2017, in the UH Manoa Depart­ment of His­to­ry sem­i­nar room, Saka­ma­ki Hall A201. Kim’s talk – titled “North Korea’s Vinalon City: Indus­tri­al­ism as Social­ist Every­day Life” – will begin at 12:30 p.m.

In the ear­ly 1960s, vinalon became North Korea’s nation­al fiber, a prod­uct that sym­bol­ized the inde­pen­dence and inge­nu­ity of its state social­ism, from the raw mate­ri­als need­ed to make it (coal and lime­stone) to the per­son who invent­ed it (the Japan­ese colo­nial-era chemist Ri Sŭng­gi). The Vinalon Fac­to­ry near Hamhŭng City — a fac­to­ry orig­i­nal­ly built by a Japan­ese chem­i­cal com­pa­ny and a city rebuilt by East Ger­many — also became a nation­al emblem. Vinalon City was a transna­tion­al object par excel­lence, but it was immutably local­ized as every­day nar­ra­tive for the ordi­nary North Kore­an peo­ple, replete with its labor heroes who achieved super­hu­man lev­els of pro­duc­tiv­i­ty. The every­day dimen­sion is pre­cise­ly where the ide­o­log­i­cal work­ings of state pow­er are hid­den. The his­to­ry of vinalon reveals a char­ac­ter­is­tic of ide­ol­o­gy of work — the sub­sump­tion of life by labor — a char­ac­ter­is­tic that is cer­tain­ly not lim­it­ed to North Korea.

A grad­u­ate of Colum­bia Uni­ver­si­ty, Har­ri­son Kim is an assis­tant pro­fes­sor in the Depart­ment of His­to­ry at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Mis­souri. His research inter­ests include every­day life, indus­tri­al work, social­ism, and the mod­ern city in the con­text of Korea and, in par­tic­u­lar, North Korea. Kim’s book, Fur­nace is Breath­ing: Work as Life in Post­war North Korea, forth­com­ing from Colum­bia Uni­ver­si­ty Press, is about indus­tri­al work as a defin­ing ide­o­log­i­cal activ­i­ty in North Korea’s social­ism after the Kore­an War and about the work­ers who lived dur­ing the demand­ing times of post­war reconstruction.

A recep­tion for stu­dents and fac­ul­ty will fol­low the talk. For more infor­ma­tion, con­tact the Depart­ment of His­to­ry at (808) 956‑8486.

Confucian Traditions and Western-Style Learning in Early Modern Korean Education

The Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Depart­ment of His­to­ry will present a lec­ture titled “Strange Bed­fel­lows? Con­fu­cian Tra­di­tions, West­ern-Style Learn­ing, and the Evo­lu­tion of Ear­ly Mod­ern Kore­an Edu­ca­tion, 1895‒1910” by Pro­fes­sor Leighanne Yuh of Korea Uni­ver­si­ty on Wednes­day, Feb­ru­ary 15, 2017. The talk will take place in the His­to­ry Depart­ment Sem­i­nar Room, Saka­ma­ki Hall A201, begin­ning at 12:30 p.m.

A com­par­i­son of text­books from 1895 and 1906 shows a shift from a state-cen­tered nar­ra­tive and a focus on the recruit­ment of “men of tal­ent” to a focus on patri­o­tism and civ­il duty for the preser­va­tion of nation­al inde­pen­dence. Exist­ing schol­ar­ship, Yuh says, has inter­pret­ed the text­books and cor­re­spond­ing edu­ca­tion pro­grams only in ways that pro­mote nation­al­ist agen­das adher­ing to a lin­ear mod­el of progress and fol­low­ing a tra­jec­to­ry begin­ning with the Con­fu­cian tra­di­tion and arriv­ing at West­ern enlight­en­ment values. 

Yuh’s study shows that the Con­fu­cian frame­work still oper­at­ed as a bul­wark and dis­cur­sive sys­tem to help state offi­cials and intel­lec­tu­als absorb “West­ern” ideas, but also reveals how these pat­terns of inte­gra­tion played out in the realm of education. 

The cat­e­go­riza­tions of “Con­fu­cian­ism” and “West­ern learn­ing” fit neat­ly into the slo­gan “East­ern Ways, West­ern Machines,” which was pop­u­lar at the time in Korea, Chi­na, and Japan. Yuh’s inves­ti­ga­tion prob­lema­tizes the stark divi­sion between West­ern and Con­fu­cian sys­tems and explores the amal­ga­ma­tion of dif­fer­ent influences. 

Yuh con­cludes that from a broad­ly defined Con­fu­cian frame­work there emerged a par­tic­u­lar form of civ­il moral­i­ty that allowed intel­lec­tu­als and gov­ern­ment bureau­crats to dis­cuss nation­al­ism, cit­i­zen­ship, the pub­lic sphere, and oth­er issues thought to be ger­mane to a mod­ern nation-state. Through the trans­for­ma­tion of edu­ca­tion­al insti­tu­tions, the dis­cours­es them­selves evolved from those exclu­sive­ly devot­ed to the pro­duc­tion of com­pe­tent bureau­crats to those that spoke to the broad­er pub­lic and engaged with this new civ­il morality.

Leighanne Yuh is an assis­tant pro­fes­sor in the Depart­ment of Kore­an His­to­ry at Korea Uni­ver­si­ty and asso­ciate edi­tor of The Inter­na­tion­al Jour­nal of Kore­an His­to­ry, pub­lished by the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies at Korea Uni­ver­si­ty. She received her Ph.D. in East Asian Stud­ies from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Cal­i­for­nia Los Ange­les in 2008 after com­plet­ing her dis­ser­ta­tion titled, “Edu­ca­tion and the Strug­gle for Pow­er in Korea, 1876‒1910.” Yuh earned her B.A. in Japan­ese his­to­ry and eco­nom­ics from Welles­ley Col­lege and an M.A. in Kore­an His­to­ry from Colum­bia University. 

A recep­tion for stu­dents and fac­ul­ty will fol­low the talk. For more infor­ma­tion, con­tact the Depart­ment of His­to­ry at (808) 956‑8486.

Modern Korean History Position at the University of Hawai‘i

UH modern Korean history position announcementThe Depart­ment of His­to­ry at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i at Mānoa invites appli­ca­tions for a full-time, tenure-track posi­tion as assis­tant or asso­ciate pro­fes­sor of mod­ern Kore­an his­to­ry. The appoint­ment is to begin August 1, 2017, sub­ject to avail­abil­i­ty of funds and posi­tion clearance.

Duties and Responsibilities

  1. Teach low­er-divi­sion sur­vey cours­es, upper-divi­sion, and grad­u­ate-lev­el cours­es in area(s) of specialization;
  2. Advise under­grad­u­ate and grad­u­ate students;
  3. Main­tain an active agen­da of schol­ar­ly research and publication;
  4. Par­tic­i­pate in ser­vice work;
  5. Oth­er duties as assigned by the depart­ment chair.

Minimum Qualifications

  1. Ph.D. in his­to­ry or close­ly relat­ed field in the human­i­ties or social sci­ences with an empha­sis on mod­ern Korea. Degree must in hand by the date of appoint­ment (August 1, 2017) and be grant­ed by a uni­ver­si­ty of rec­og­nized standing;
  2. Research com­pe­tence in Kore­an lan­guage and evi­dence of strong his­tor­i­cal research capabilities.

Associate Professor Minimum Qualifications

  1. Demon­strat­ed uni­ver­si­ty teach­ing experience; 
  2. Hold the rank of asso­ciate professor; 
  3. Evi­dence of schol­ar­ly achieve­ment com­pa­ra­ble to peers at research universities. 

Desirable Qualifications

  1. Demon­strat­ed exten­sive teach­ing experience; 
  2. Research focus on transna­tion­al or com­par­a­tive stud­ies which sit­u­ates Korea in a glob­al context; 
  3. Nation­al and inter­na­tion­al schol­ar­ly engage­ment, par­tic­u­lar­ly in Korea and the Pacific. 

Salary com­men­su­rate with qual­i­fi­ca­tions and experience. 

Review of appli­ca­tions will begin Decem­ber 1, 2016, and con­tin­ue until the posi­tion is filled.

To Apply

Appli­ca­tion mate­ri­als should include a let­ter of appli­ca­tion describ­ing research inter­ests, cur­ricu­lum vitae, writ­ing sam­ple, offi­cial aca­d­e­m­ic tran­scripts (copies are accept­able, but offi­cial tran­scripts will be required at the time of hire), and a sam­ple syl­labus from an under­grad­u­ate or grad­u­ate course in Kore­an his­to­ry. In addi­tion, arrange to have three let­ters of rec­om­men­da­tion sent direct­ly to the search committee. 

Send paper copies of all mate­ri­als (no elec­tron­ic or e-mailed copies accept­ed) to Dr. Shana Brown (Chair), Korea Search Com­mit­tee, Uni­ver­si­ty of Hawai‘i, Depart­ment of His­to­ry, 2530 Dole Street, Hon­olu­lu, HI 96822 – 2383 USA.

For the offi­cial recruit­ing announce­ment, see http://workatuh.hawaii.edu/Jobs/NAdvert/23902/4060724/1/postdate/desc.

Direct inquires to Shana Brown at shanab@hawaii.edu or tele­phone (808) 956‑7151.

For more infor­ma­tion about the UH Mānoa Depart­ment of His­to­ry, see http://manoa.hawaii.edu/history/.