EALL Talk Series Offers Presentation on Korean Linguistics

The Depart­ment of East Asian Lan­guages and Lit­er­a­tures Talk Series will present vis­it­ing schol­ar Dr. Chang­guk Yim with a talk on Kore­an lin­guis­tics titled “The Syn­tax and Prosody of –yo in Kore­an” on Fri­day, Novem­ber 14, 2014. The pre­sen­ta­tion will take place in the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies Audi­to­ri­um from 3:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. The talk is open to the pub­lic.

Yim is an asso­ciate pro­fes­sor in the Depart­ment of Eng­lish Lin­guis­tics and Lit­er­a­ture at Chung-Ang Uni­ver­si­ty. He earned his Ph.D. from the Depart­ment of Lin­guis­tics at Cor­nell Uni­ver­si­ty in 2004. His pri­ma­ry inter­ests are for­mal syn­tax, syn­tax-phonol­o­gy inter­face, and neu­rolin­guis­tics (agram­ma­tism). He is cur­rent­ly a vis­it­ing schol­ar at the Cen­ter for Kore­an Stud­ies.

Yim’s abstract of his pre­sen­ta­tion fol­lows.

The dis­course par­ti­cle -yo in Kore­an con­vey­ing polite­ness toward the addressee can attach to sen­tence-medi­al mate­ri­als (“-yo attach­ment”), as illus­trat­ed in (1) below.

(1) Celin-i(-yo)    ecey(-yo)     kongwen-eyse(-yo) Ce-A-lul(-yo) man­nasse-yo.
“Celin-nom(-yo) yesterday(-yo) park-at(-yo)      Ce-A-acc(-yo)  met-yo
“‘Celin met Ce-A in the park yes­ter­day.’

Inter­est­ing­ly, there are cer­tain cat­e­gories that resist the -yo attach­ment (Yim 2012). How­ev­er, such -yo resis­tant mate­ri­als do allow for the attach­ment in ques­tion in ellip­ti­cal con­texts such as frag­ment answers (FAs). This led me (2012) to con­clude that -yo in FAs is not an instance of -yo attach­ment; rather, it is a sen­tence-final -yo resid­ing in the CP domain. As a result, it sur­vives the ellip­sis process.

In this analy­sis, how­ev­er, I dodged the ques­tion: exact­ly what syn­tac­tic posi­tion does a sen­tence-final -yo occu­py? In this talk, I present a syn­tax-prag­mat­ics analy­sis in which -yo heads a “Speech Act” (SA) phrase that is posit­ed in the left periph­ery of a clause. On this view, the par­ti­cle at stake is the direct mor­pho­log­i­cal expo­nent in syn­tax that reflects a respect­ed addressee in the dis­course. And it will also be shown that syn­tax-prag­mat­ics map­ping requires the SA lay­er to only occur in the “high­est claus­es” (Ross 1970). This pre­dicts polite­ness mark­ing of -yo to only occur in root claus­es.
In addi­tion, I present a deriva­tion­al prosod­ic account for -yo attach­ment as in (1): -yo has to be placed at the edge of a prosod­ic con­stituent through­out the prosod­ic deriva­tion, adopt­ing a deriva­tion­al approach to the prosod­ic hier­ar­chy for­ma­tion.”

For fur­ther infor­ma­tion, con­tact Prof. DongK­wan Kong (dongkwan@hawaii.edu) at (808) 956‑8292.