The Koryŏ period is one of the least-studied eras of Korea’s history despite the many insights it offers into Korea’s historical traditions. Current scholarship on many aspects of Koryŏ’s history supplies the bulk of the content of the latest issue of Korean Studies, the journal of the University of Hawai‘i Center for Korean Studies.
Along with an introduction by guest editor Edward J. Shultz, the recently published volume 41 of Korean Studies presents nine articles on various topics that illustrate both international and domestic developments during during the life of the Koryŏ state and society (918‑1392). The volume includes:
“Early Koryŏ Political Institutions and the International Expansion of Tang and Song Institutions” by Jae Woo Park;
“Interstate Relations in East Asia and Medical Exchanges in the Late Eleventh Century and Early Twelfth Century” by Oongseok Chai;
“Koryŏ’s Trade with the Outer World” by Kang Hahn Lee;
“Rethinking the Late Koryŏ in an International Context” by David M. Robinson;
“The Management of Koryŏ: Local Administration (Kunhyŏn) and Its Operation” by Yokeun Jeong;
“Kings and Buddhism in Medieval Korea” by Jongmyung Kim;
“Analysis of Recently Discovered Late-Koryŏ Civil Service Examination Answer Sheets” by Hyeon-chul Do;
“The Makeup of Koryŏ Aristocratic Families: Bilateral Kindred” by Myoung-ho Ro; and
“The Characteristics and Origins of Koryŏ’s Pluralist Society” by Jong-ki Park.
The issue also contains two articles on other topics and three book reviews. The articles are: “Informal Empire: The Origins of the U.S.–ROK Alliance and the 1953 Mutual Defense Treaty Negotiations” by Victor D. Cha and “Korean Han and the Postcolonial Afterlives of ‘The Beauty of Sorrow’” by Sandra So Hee Chi Kim.
Books reviewed in this issue are In the Service of His Korean Majesty: William Nelson Lovatt, the Pusan Customs, and Sino-Korean Relations, 1876 1888 by Wayne Patterson (reviewed by Daniel C. Kane); Tourist Distractions: Traveling and Feeling in Transnational Hallyu Cinema by Youngmin Choe (reviewed by Dal Yong Jin); and South Korea’s New Nationalism: The End of “One Korea”? by Emma Campbell (reviewed by Jaehoon Bae).
Korean Studies is co-published annually by the Center for Korean Studies and the University of Hawai‘i Press. The full text of the journal is available on line at Project Muse through subscribing institutions, such as the University of Hawai‘i Hamilton Library.
Within the last few years, several international groups (UNESCO, Ethnologue, and the Endangered Languages Project) have recognized that Jejueo, the variety of speech indigenous to Jeju Island, is an independent language, not a dialect of Korean.
Jejueo is critically endangered, with only a few thousand elderly fluent speakers, but efforts to preserve and revitalize it are underway. A new Web site (https://sites.google.com/a/hawaii.edu/jejueo/) presents up-to-date information on the language and on efforts to save it.
One of the most important revitalization projects has just reached a major milestone, with the publication on July 5 of the first volume in a projected four-volume textbook series for Korean-speaking learners of Jejueo. Jejueo 1 consists of fifteen chapters, each with practice exercises and an accompanying set of downloadable audio files. It can be obtained from the Kyobo Web site.
The volume was prepared by a committee of three authors: Changyong Yang, professor in the College of Education at Jeju National University; Sejung Yang, a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa; and William O’Grady, UH Mānoa professor of linguistics and a member of the Center for Korean Studies.
The work was supported by the Core University Program for Korean Studies through the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the Korean Studies Promotion Service of the Academy of Korean Studies (AKS-2015-OLU-2250005).
The James Joo-Jin Kim Program in Korean Studies at the University of Pennsylvania has announced a program of publication subventions for English-language academic monographs and edited volumes on Korean history. Proposals will be accepted from publishers and reviewed on a rolling basis. Interested authors should inform their publishers of the availability of these subventions and urge them to submit proposals. Request amount should be within an ordinary range.
Proposals should include the following information:
Description (up to 500 words)
Detailed budget, including other sources of funding
Detailed list of writers, translators, and editors, and their bios (each one page)
Introduction and a content chapter from the publication
Timeframe for completion
Estimated print run and number of pages
Marketing and publicity plan
Information about the publisher
Information about the external review process
Other relevant information
Proposals should be accompanied by a cover letter addressed to Professor Eugene Y. Park (firstname.lastname@example.org), Director, James Joo-Jin Kim Program in Korean Studies. Proposals and requests for further information may be sent to:
Melissa DiFrancesco (email@example.com) Associate Director, James Joo-Jin Kim Program in Korean Studies University of Pennsylvania 642 Willliams Hall 255 South 36th Street Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA
The on-line version of volume 38 (2014) of the Center’s journal, Korean Studies, is now available on Project Muse (http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/korean_studies/toc/ks.38.html). The issue, edited by Professor Min-Sun Kim and published in association with the University of Hawai’i Press, includes five articles from various disciplines and reviews of thirteen recently published books.
The articles in the volume are:
“Celestial Observations Recorded in the Samguk Sagi During the Unified Silla Period, AD 668–935” by F. Richard Stephenson;
“When Poets Become Sorcerers: The Cases of Virgil and Ch’oe Ch’iwŏn” by Maurizio Riotto;
“Parasitic Infection Patterns Correlated with Urban–Rural Recycling of Night Soil in Korea and Other East Asian Countries: The Archaeological and Historical Evidence” by Myeung Ju Kim, Ho Chul Ki, Shiduck Kim, Jong-Yil Chai, Min Seo, Chang Seok Oh, and Dong Hoon Shin;
“The Way of the Camera and the Camera of the Way: The Spiritual Nomadism of Jang Sun-woo” by Hyangsoon Yi; and
“Formation and Evolution of the Knowledge Regime and the Development Process in Korea” by Juan Felipe López Aymes.
Books reviewed in this issue include:
Empire of the Dharma: Korean and Japanese Buddhism, 1877–1912 by Hwansoo Ilmee Kim (reviewed by Richard D. McBride II);
Salvation through Dissent: Tonghak Heterodoxy and Early Modern Korea by George Kallander (reviewed by Carl Young);
The Making of Korean Christianity: Protestant Encounters with Korean Religion, 1876–1915 by Sung-Deuk Oak (reviewed by Timothy S. Lee);
Cuisine, Colonialism and Cold War: Food in Twentieth-Century Korea by Katarzyna J. Cwiertka (reviewed by Benjamin Joinau);
Fighting for the Enemy: Koreans in Japan’s War, 1937–1945 by Brandon Palmer (reviewed by Evan T. Daniel);
Reconstructing Bodies: Biomedicine, Health, and Nation-Building in South Korea since 1945 by John P. DiMoia (reviewed by Don Baker);
The Tyranny of the Weak: North Korea and the World, 1950–1992 by Charles K. Armstrong (reviewed by Young-hae Chi);
Reading North Korea: An Ethnological Inquiry by Sonia Ryang (reviewed by Young Mi Lee);
Korean Political and Economic Development: Crisis, Security, and Institutional Rebalancing by Jongryn Mo and Barry R. Weingast (reviewed by Dennis McNamara);
Voices of Foreign Brides: The Roots and Development of Multiculturalism in Korea by Choong Soon Kim (reviewed by Robert F. Delaney);
Meeting Once More: The Korean Side of Transnational Adoption by Elise Prébin (reviewed by Yoonjung Kang);
Architecture and Urbanism in Modern Korea by Inha Jung (reviewed by Kloe S. Kang); and
Contemporary Korean Art: Tansaekhwa and the Urgency of Method by Joan Kee (reviewed by Jungsil Jenny Lee).
To access the full text of journals on Project Muse, you must log on through a subscribing institution such as the University of Hawai’i Hamilton Library.
For information about subscribing to Korean Studies, see the University of Hawai’i Press Web site.
Historian Carl F. Young has undertaken a new study of the internal developments in the Tonghak and Ch’ŏndogyo movements between 1895 and 1910. The results are presented in the latest volume in the Center for Korean Studies Hawai’i Studies on Korea book series, Eastern Learning and the Heavenly Way: The Tonghak and Ch’ŏndogyo Movements and the Twilight of Korean Independence. The book, just issued, is co-published by the University of Hawai’i Press.
Tonghak, or Eastern Learning, was the first major new religion in modern Korean history. Founded in 1860, it combined aspects of a variety of Korean religious traditions. Because of its appeal to the poor and marginalized, it became best known for its role in the largest peasant rebellion in Korean history in 1894, which set the stage for a wider regional conflict, the Sino-Japanese War of 1894–1895. Although the rebellion failed, it caused immense changes in Korean society and played a part in the war that ended in Japan’s victory and its eventual rise as an imperial power.
Drawing on a variety of sources in several languages such as religious histories, doctrinal works, newspapers, government reports, and foreign diplomatic reports, Young explains how Tonghak survived the turmoil following the failed 1894 rebellion to set the foundations for Ch’ŏndogyo’s important role in the Japanese colonial period. The story of Tonghak and Ch’ŏndogyo not only is an example of how new religions interact with their surrounding societies and how they consolidate and institutionalize themselves as they become more established; it also reveals the processes by which Koreans coped and engaged with the challenges of social, political, and economic change and the looming darkness that would result in the extinguishing of national independence at the hands of Japan’s expanding empire.
Carl Young is an associate professor in the History Department at the University of Western Ontario in London, Canada. A graduate of the University of London, his research interests focus on religious social movements, nationalism, and imperialism in modern Asia, centering especially on Korea and Japan. He also has a strong interest in comparative world history and cross-cultural interaction between different world regions. His previous research has included a comparison of South Korean minjung (popular) theology and Latin American liberation theology in the 1970s and 1980s. For more information about the book, visit the University of Hawai’i Press Web site.